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Physical activity and health / Claude Bouchard, Steven N. Blair, William L. Haskell editors

Contributor(s): Bouchard, Claude [] | Haskell, William L | Blair, Steven N.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBook; Format: print Publisher: Stanningley : Human Kinetics, 2006Description: XIII, 409 p. : il., gráf. ; 29 cm.ISBN: 0-7360-5092-2.Subject(s): Deportes -- Salud | Medicina deportiva
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Monografías 04. BIBLIOTECA CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD
3299/02/PHY (Browse shelf)   Shelving location | Bibliomaps® BIBLIOG. RECOM. 3742181797
Monografías 05. BIBLIOTECA FAC. ENFERMERÍA Y FISIOTERAPIA
3299/02/PHY (Browse shelf)   Shelving location | Bibliomaps® BIBLIOG. RECOM. 3743476788

VALORACIÓN DE LA CONDICIÓN FÍSICA EN EL ÁMBITO DE LA SALUD GRADO EN FISIOTERAPIA Asignatura actualizada 2017-2018

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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

Sedentary habits have been identified as a major public health problem in many countries. The timely Physical Activity and Health addresses an unmet need by providing a comprehensive treatment of the relationship between physical activity and health outcomes.

Physical Activity and Health is the first textbook to bring together the results of the most important studies in this rapidly changing field and offers a detailed yet concise and clear presentation of key concepts. The text provides a conceptual framework to help readers relate results from single studies or collections of studies to the overall paradigm linking physical activity and physical fitness to health.

Written by Claude Bouchard and other leading scientists from around the world, this richly illustrated textbook offers information unmatched in accuracy and reliability. Where other books have simply promoted physical activity for the individual or a population, this book completely integrates and examines the relationship between physical activity and health by

-providing a history of physical activity, including how levels of physical activity have changed over time and how this has affected the overall health of society;

-highlighting the differences in the effects of physical activity on fitness across age, gender, and ethnic groups;

-describing how various systems of the human body respond to physical activity;

-illustrating the relationship between physical activity and health concerns such as obesity, diabetes, cancer, and mental health;

-offering guidance for determining the proper amount and type of exercise to be undertaken; and

-suggesting new directions for research in this growing and changing field.
The text explains the latest advances in understanding the effects of acute and chronic participation in physical activity and reviews the relationships between regular physical activity and health outcomes, including cardiovascular morbidities, mental health, and all-cause mortality. It also focuses on the prevention of diseases, quality of life, and well-being.

The textbook offers the following features:

-Chapter outlines that provide a user-friendly, conceptual framework

-Key concepts, definitions, and study questions that simplify the review process

-179 illustrations, 54 tables, and 51 photographs that clarify the text and emphasize key concepts
Physical Activity and Health is organized into five parts. Part I defines the basic concepts, traces the history of the field, and summarizes evidence accumulated on the relationship between levels of physical activity and fitness and variations with age, between genders, and among ethnic groups. Part II describes the latest advances in understanding the effects of acute and chronic participation in physical activity. Part III reviews the relationships between regular physical activity and health outcomes--including cardiovascular morbidities, mental health, and all-cause mortality--and the levels of fitness and the same health outcomes. Part IV focuses on the "how" and deals with dose-response issues and types of exercise programs. Part V explores how advances in genetics challenge our understanding of the complex relationships between physical activity, fitness, and health. It offers a practical integration of all the issues discussed in the preceding chapters.

Some of the finest scientists in the field from the United States, Canada, Europe, and Australia collaborated on this comprehensive resource. Readers can feel confident that they are receiving the most accurate information currently available on physical activity and health in any textbook.

Índice

Bibliografía: p. 375-391

This work is aimed as a course text for a wide range of subjects including: kinesiology, exercise science, physical education, public health, health promotion, preventive medicine and human biology programmes. This is the first textbook to integrate research findings into the implications of physical activity levels on health. It presents readers with a conceptual framework at the beginning of each chapter, facilitating comprehension and retention; while key concepts and study questions will assist them in reviewing the material at the end of the chapter. It contains close to 300 illustrations, charts, graphs, tables and photos for ease of learning.

Índice: Part I. History and Current Status of the Study of Physical Activity and Health; Part II. Effects of Physical Activity on the Human Organism; Part III. Physical Activity, Fitness and Health; Part IV. How Much Is Required and What Are the Delivery Modes?; Part V. New Challenges and Opportunities

Table of contents provided by Syndetics

  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Part I History and Current Status of the Study of Physical Activity and Health
  • Chapter 1 Why Study Physical Activity and Health?
  • Human Evolution, History, and Physical Activity
  • Burden of Chronic Diseases
  • Health and Its Determinants
  • Aging and Health
  • Defining Physical Activity and Physical Fitness
  • Physical Inactivity Versus Physical Activity
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 2 Historical Perspectives on Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health
  • Early Beliefs About Physical Activity and Health Scientific Inquiry on Exercise and Health
  • Evolution of Physical Activity Guidelines
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 3 Physical Activity and Fitness with Age Among Sex and Ethnic Groups
  • Physical Activity
  • Physical Fitness
  • In Closing...
  • Review Materials
  • Part II Effects of Physical Activity on the Human Organism
  • Chapter 4 Metabolic, Cardiovascular, and Respiratory Responses to Physical Activity
  • Relationship of Energy to Physical Activity
  • Oxygen Consumption and Cardiovascular and Respiratory Responses to Exercise
  • Effect of Training, Age, and Gender on Maximal Oxygen Uptake
  • Application to Exercise Training and Physical Activity Interventions
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 5 Acute Response to Physical Activity and Exercise
  • Lipids and Lipoproteins
  • Insulin-Glucose Dynamics
  • Blood Pressure
  • Hematological Changes
  • Immune Function Responses
  • Responses Related to Energy Balance
  • Augmentation of Acute Effects by Training
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 6 Hormonal Response to Regular Physical Activity
  • Defining Hormones
  • Importance of Hormonal Regulation
  • Regular Physical Activity and Hormonal Adaptations
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 7 Skeletal Muscle Adaptation to Regular Physical Activity
  • Skeletal Muscle and Human Life
  • Muscle Cell-Composition, Structure, and Function
  • Muscle Fiber Types and Subtypes
  • Muscle Adaptation and Functional Consequences
  • Aging Muscle-The Role of Training
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 8 Response of Brain, Liver, Kidney, and Other Organs and Tissues to Regular Physical Activity
  • Acute Effects of Physical Activity
  • Chronic Effects of Physical Activity
  • Issues Requiring Further Research
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
  • Part III Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health
  • Chapter 9 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Mortality Rates
  • Physical Activity, Fitness, and Mortality
  • Biological Mechanisms
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 10 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Cardiac, Vascular, and Pulmonary Morbidities
  • Physical Inactivity and Low Cardiorespiratory Fitness As Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Morbidities
  • Physical Inactivity and Low Cardiorespiratory Fitness As Risk Factors for Pulmonary Morbidities
  • Biological Mechanisms
  • Role of Physical Activity in Patients With Cardiac, Vascular, and Pulmonary Morbidities
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 11 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Obesity
  • Definition and Problem of Overweight and Obesity
  • Fat Depots
  • Relationships Among Excess Weight, Physical Activity, and Fitness
  • Role of Physical Activity in Prevention and Treatment of Excess Weight
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 12 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Diabetes Mellitus
  • Diabetes: Concept and Prevalence
  • Epidemiology, Etiology, and Complications of Type 2 Diabetes
  • Impact of Physical Activity on Insulin and Glucose Metabolism
  • Epidemiological Evidence Indicating Benefits of Physical Activity in Preventing Type 2 Diabetes
  • Summary of Randomized Controlled Trials on the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes
  • Importance of Regular Physical Activity for People With Type 2 Diabetes
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 13 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Cancer
  • Importance of Cancer
  • How Physical Activity and Physical Fitness Decrease the Risk of Developing Cancer
  • How We Study Whether Physical Activity and Physical Fitness Decrease the Risk of Developing Cancer
  • Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Site-Specific Cancers
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 14 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Joint and Bone Health
  • Burden of Selected Musculoskeletal Diseases in the Population
  • Dose-Response Relationships Between Physical Activity and Injury, Osteoarthritis, and Osteoporosis
  • Physical Activity, Bone Development and Maintenance, and Preservation of Function
  • Challenges in Defining Exposure Data for Musculoskeletal Outcomes
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 15 Physical Activity, Muscular Fitness, and Health
  • History of Resistance Training and Its Role in Health
  • Fundamental Aspects of Resistance Training
  • Resistance Training Throughout the Life Span
  • Resistance Training in Disease and Disability
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 16 Exercise and Its Effects on Mental Health
  • Models of Exercise and Mental Health Research
  • Exercise and Anxiety
  • Exercise and Depression
  • Proposed Explanations for the Psychological Benefits of Exercise
  • Detrimental Psychological Responses to Exercise
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 17 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Children
  • Cardiovascular Health
  • Bone Health and Osteoporosis
  • Strategies for Promoting Physical Activity in Youth
  • Conclusions
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 18 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Aging
  • The Aging Process
  • Methodological Considerations in Aging Research
  • Demographics of Physical Activity Among Older Adults
  • Dimensions of Physical Activity and Their Relationship to Health and Function in Aging
  • Programmatic Issues in Promoting Physical Activity in Older Populations
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 19 Risks of Physical Activity
  • Risks of Physical Activity and Sport Participation
  • Minimizing Risk and Maximizing Benefits
  • Recommendations for Future Research
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
  • Part IV How Much Is Required and What Are the Delivery Modes?
  • Chapter 20 Dose-Response Issues in Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health
  • Principles Guiding the Body's Response to Activity
  • Components of the Physical Activity Dose
  • Factors Determining Optimal Activity Dose
  • Physical Activity Versus Fitness When Considering Dose for Health Benefits
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 21 Physical Activity and Exercise Programs
  • What Are Physical Activity and Exercise Programs?
  • Settings for Physical Activity and Exercise Programs
  • Strengths of Structured Versus Unstructured Programs
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Programs for Subpopulations and Groups
  • Summary of the Effectiveness of Physical Activity Interventions
  • Review Materials
  • Part V New Challenges and Opportunities
  • Chapter 22 Genetic Differences in the Relationships Among Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health
  • Basics of Human Genetics
  • Events in Human Genes and Genomes
  • Genetic Variation Among Sedentary People
  • Individual Differences in Response to Regular Exercise
  • Genes and Responses to Exercise
  • Trait-Specific Response to Exercise
  • Summary and Perspective
  • Review Materials
  • Chapter 23 An Integrated View of Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health
  • Chapter Overview
  • Physical Activity versus Inactivity: Universal Value Versus Damaging Consequences
  • Developing and Implementing Physical Activity Plans
  • Research Questions and Issues
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • Review Materials
  • References
  • Index
  • About the Editors
  • About the Contributors

Reviews provided by Syndetics

CHOICE Review

This volume is one of the few currently available for classroom use that explores the connection between physical activity and health. Edited by Bouchard (Louisiana State), Blair (Cooper Institute), and Haskell (emer., Stanford School of Medicine), this textbook offers historical perspectives on physical activity; discusses variations in gender, age, and ethnic groups; and describes the response of specific physical systems, such as hormonal and skeletal muscle, to exercise. It also addresses the connection to diabetes, cancer, joint health, mental health, and the risks of physical activity. This work offers an overview of important topics and recent advances for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students. It provides chapter outlines, additional information on key concepts, definitions, and study questions. Included is a useful guide to acronyms and abbreviations. Summing Up: Recommended. Academic libraries supporting curricula on health and physical activity; upper-division undergraduates and graduate students. M. S. Brown-Sica University of Colorado at Denver

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Claude Bouchard, PhD, is the executive director of the Pennington Biomedical Research Center, a campus of the Louisiana State University System, and holds the George A. Bray Jr. chair in nutrition. He was director of the Physical Activity Sciences Laboratory at Laval University, Quebec City, Canada, for over 20 years. Dr. Bouchard holds a BPed from Laval University, an MSc in exercise physiology from the University of Oregon at Eugene, and a PhD in population genetics from the University of Texas at Austin.

For four decades, his research has dealt with the role of physical activity, and the lack thereof, on physiology, metabolism, and indicators of health, taking into account genetic uniqueness. He has performed research on the contributions of gene sequence variation and the benefits to be expected from regular activity in terms of changes in cardiovascular and diabetes risk factors.

Dr. Bouchard has served as program leader for four consensus conferences and symposia pertaining to various aspects of physical activity and health. He has published more than 850 scientific papers and has edited four books and several monographs dealing with physical activity and health.

Dr. Bouchard is former president of the Canadian Society for Applied Physiology and the North American Association for the Study of Obesity. He is president of the International Association for the Study of Obesity (2002-2006), a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), and has been a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Cooper Research Institute for the last decade.

Steven N. Blair, PED, is the president and CEO of the Cooper Institute and is one of the world's most eminent epidemiologists in the area of physical activity and health. Dr. Blair has three honorary doctorates, a 1994 doctor honoris causa from the Free University of Brussels; a 1996 doctor of health science, from Lander University; and a 2002 doctor of science honoris causa, from the University of Bristol, UK. He also is a Benjamin Meaker Fellow at the University of Bristol.

For nearly 40 years, he has researched and done public health work in the areas of physical activity and health. He has published more than 350 scientific articles, including one on fitness and mortality that has been cited over 1,100 times.

He is past president of the American College of Sports Medicine and a fellow in many organizations. He has received numerous honors, including the ACSM Honor Award. He was the senior scientific editor of the Surgeon General's Report on Physical Activity and Health.

William Haskell, PhD, is emeritus professor of medicine at Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford School of Medicine. He holds an honorary MD degree from Linkoping University in Sweden.

For 40 years, his research has investigated the relationships between physical activity and health. He has been involved at the national and international levels in the development of physical activity and fitness guidelines and recommendations for physical activity in health promotion and disease prevention.

Dr. Haskell has served as principal investigator on major NIH-funded research projects demonstrating the health benefits of physical activity. For 11 years, he was a member of the planning committee and faculty for the CDC-sponsored research course on physical activity and public health. From 1968 to 1970, he was program director for the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports.

He is past president of the American College of Sports Medicine and founder and past president of the American College of Sports Medicine Foundation. He is a fellow with the Exercise and Rehabilitation Council, American Heart Association, and American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation.

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