Hydrodynamic Characterization and Performance of an Autonomous Benthic Chamber for Use in Coastal Systems [Recurso electrónico] / Sara Ferrón Smith, F. Alonso-Perez, C. G. Castro, Teodora Ortega Díaz, F. F. Perez, A. F. Rios, Abelardo Gómez Parra, Jesús María Forja Pajares
Contributor(s): Ferrón Smith, Sara | Alonso-Perez, F | Castro, C. G | Ortega Díaz, Teodora | Perez, F. F | Rios, A. F | Gómez Parra, Abelardo | Forja Pajares, Jesús María | Universidad de Cádiz. Departamento de Química Física.Material type: Book; Format: print Series: WOS; Artículos científicos UCA.Publisher: 2008Subject(s): Sediment-Water Interface | Diffusive Boundary-Layer | Dissolved Inorganic Carbon | Deep-Sea | Flux Chamber | In-Situ | Oxygen-Uptake | Nw Spain | Calibration | Bay In: Limnology and Oceanography-Methods
A benthic chamber (covering 5030 cm(2) of seafloor) with real-time control of sampling and sensor data transmission has been developed for studying benthic fluxes in coastal sediments. Enclosed water is stirred by three submersible centrifugal pumps, which are connected to power circuits that regulate their input voltage, and thus, the current velocity inside the chamber. The complete mixing of the incubated water is achieved within 4 min. The 3-D velocity field and the distribution of the diffusive boundary layer (DBL) inside the chamber were characterized at different pump rates in a laboratory tank with a bottom layer of sediment or a false bottom supporting alabaster dissolution plates. Two different outlet devices from the pumps were tested. For the one finally selected, averaged tangential velocities at 5 cm above the bottom ranged from 2.0 cm s(-1) to 4.8 cm s(-1), depending on the voltage applied to the pumps, providing averaged DBL thicknesses that ranged from 125 mu m to 279 mu m. Average tangential velocity and average DBL thickness were found to correlate according to: V-H = 615 x [DBL](-1.02) (R-2 = 0.97). Successful field chamber measurements were performed in two shallow coastal systems: Ria de Vigo (NW Spain) and Bay of Cadiz (SW Spain).
En:Limnology and Oceanography-Methods (2008, vol. 6, p. 558-571)