Pretreatment of biomass : processes and technologies / edited by Ashok Pandey ... [et al.]

Contributor(s): Pandey, Ashok [editor literario]
Material type: TextText; Format: print Publisher: Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2014Description: VIII, 264 pISBN: 9780128000809Subject(s): Energía de biomasa
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Bibliografía

There has been increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular to develop low-cost technologies. However, any kind of lignocellulosic biomass to be used for the conversion process needs at first some kind of pretreatment to fraction cellulose and/or hemicellulose, and/or to remove lignin. During last 3-4 years there have been tremendous scientific and technological developments in the area. Hence, a new book on the topic covering the most up-dated information and technological perspective is highly desirable on the topic. This book will fulfil the gap in knowledge and lead to advancement of knowledge on the pretreatment of biomass for further processing, especially touching the technological perspectives. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatament processes and technologies for biomass Useful as reference book Covers information on lignocellulosic and algal biomass to work on the principles of biorefinery Useful for researchers intending to study scale-up Provides information on integration of processes and technologies for the pretreatment of biomass Useful for researchers and industry A book designed as a text book not merely a collection of research articles Useful as text book for graduate students and reference book for researchers. INDICE: Introduction Reason for shift towards bio-fuels Feedstocks for thermo-chemical conversion of biomass Overview of various processes Sustainability issues Feedstock suitability for thermo-chemical processes Different generations of feedstocks (Feedstock types, availability, applicability) Feedstocks specifications for various processes Processes to make feedstock suitable for a particular process Analytical techniques as a tool to understand the reaction mechanism. Conversion of cellulose-derived compounds Â{u9BB4}o value-added chemicals using carbon dioxide and water Combustion of biomass for energy purposes Energy production from combustion of biomass Applications of heat produced Challenges in combustion of biomass Gasification of biomass to produce syn-gas Biomass gasification and FT process to produce liquid hydrocarbons Hydrothermal gasification of biomass Overview of process Chemistry/ mechanism Reactors involved Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass Hydrothermal chemistry Reactors Pyrolysis of biomass Various processes of pyrolysis (slow, fast, hydro) Thermal/ catalytic processes Characterisation of pyrolysis products Co-Processing of upgraded bio-oil in FCC Carbonization of biomass History of carbonization of biomass Process chemistry of carbonization Various products from carbonization and it applications Hydrothermal carbonization of biomass Process chemistry Parameters affecting the process Characterization of the carbons formed Catalysts for the thermo-chemical conversion of biomass...

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